Note di Chiusura - Petizione: "Ordine pubblico, Stato di diritto, politiche sociali a sostegno della pari dignità genitoriale e tutela dei diritti dell'infanzia firma ora

http://www.petizionionline.ch/petizione/ordine-pubblico-stato-di-diritto-politiche-sociali-a-sostegno-della-pari-dignita-genitoriale-e-tutela-dei-diritti-dellinfanzia/35

Note di Chiusura
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http://www.echr.coe.int/NR/rdonlyres/AA56DA0F-DEE5-4FB6-BDD3-A5B34123FFAE/0/2010__Priority_policy__Public_communication.pdf

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Estratto Recommendation Rec(2006)19 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on policy to support positive parenting 5. Considering parents’ responsibilities, rights and obligations
In the best interests of the child, the rights of parents, such as entitlement to appropriate support from public authorities in fulfilling their parental functions, must also be given prominence. The exercise by parents of equal and shared responsibility for their children makes a major contribution to the harmonious development of the child’s personality.
Particular attention should be paid to the important role of fathers in the care and rearing of their children, taking into account in particular the principle of gender equality, the impact on families of the reconciliation of work and family life and family breakdown, which can often result in fathers living apart from their children.
https://wcd.coe.int/wcd/ViewDoc.jsp?id=1073507&Site=CM

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Recommendation Rec(2006)19 of the Committee of Ministers to member states on policy to support positive parenting (Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on 13 December 2006 at the 983rd meeting of the Ministers’ Deputies)

The Committee of Ministers, under Article 15.b of the Statute of the Council of Europe,
Considering that the aim of the Council of Europe is to achieve a greater unity between its member states, inter alia, by promoting the adoption of common rules;
Referring to the work of the Council of Europe in the field of children and families and reaffirming in genera the following legal instruments:
- the Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (ETS No. 5), which protects the
rights of everyone, including children;
- the European Social Charter (ETS No. 35) and revised European Social Charter (ETS No. 163), stating that “the family as a fundamental unit of society has the right to appropriate social, legal and
economic protection to ensure its full development” (Article 16);
- the European Convention on the Exercise of Children’s Rights (ETS No. 160);
- the Convention on Contacts concerning children (ETS No. 192);
- the Recommendations of the Committee of Ministers to member states:
No. R (84) 4 on parental responsibilities;
No. R (85) 4 on violence in the family;
No. R (87) 6 on foster families;
No. R (94) 14 on coherent and integrated family policies;
No . R (96) 5 on reconciling work and family life;
No . R (97) 4 on securing and promoting the health of single parent families;
No. R (98) 8 on children’s participation in family and social life;
Rec(2005)5 on the rights of children living in residential institutions and
Rec(2006)5 on the Council of Europe Action Plan to promote the rights and full participation of people with disabilities in society: improving the quality of life of people with disabilities in Europe 2006-2015;

Bearing in mind the Revised Social Strategy for Social Cohesion for which families are the place where social cohesion is first experienced and learnt and that a social cohesion strategy, while fully respecting the autonomy of the private sphere and of civil society, must seek to be supportive of families;
Recalling the Parliamentary Assembly’s Recommendations 751 (1975) on the position and responsibility of parents in the modern family and their support by society;
1074 (1988) on family policy; 1121 (1990) on the rights of children;
1443 (2000) on international adoption: respecting children’s rights;
1501 (2001) on parents’ and teachers’ responsibilities in children’s education;
1551 (2002) on building a 21st-century society with and for children: follow-up to the European strategy for children (Recommendation 1286 (1996));
1639 (2003) on family mediation and equality of sexes;
1666 (2004) on a Europe-wide ban on corporal punishment of children;
1698 (2005) on the rights of children in institutions: follow-up to Recommendation 1601 (2003) of the Parliamentary Assembly;
Stressing the importance of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, to which all the member states of the Council of Europe are Parties, and the basic principles of which should always underlie the rearing of children;
Recalling the Third Summit of Heads of State and Government (Warsaw, Poland, May 2005) and the commitment made their to fully comply with the obligations of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, to effectively promote the rights of the child and to take specific action to eradicate all forms of violence against children, and the ensuing programme “Building a Europe for and with children”, officially launched in Monaco, on 4 and 5 April 2006;
Referring to the Final Communiqué and Political Declaration of the European Ministers responsible for Family Affairs at their 28th session (Lisbon, Portugal, 16-17 May 2006), particularly:
- recognising that parenting, though linked to family intimacy, should be designated as a domain of public policy and all the necessary measures should be adopted for supporting parenting and creating the conditions necessary for positive parenting;
- recalling their commitment to promote and pursue a common European policy in the field of family affairs and the rights of the child within the framework of the Council of Europe;
Recognising the child as a person with rights, including the right to be protected and to participate, to express her/his views, to be heard and be heeded;
Recalling that public authorities have a vital role to play in supporting families in general and parents in particular, which is expressed through three core elements of family policy: public transfers and taxation, measures to balance work and family life, childcare provision and other services;
Considering that the family is a primary unit of society and that parenting plays a fundamental role in society and for its future;
Conscious of the many changes and challenges facing families today which require parenthood to be given greater prominence and better support, considering that such support is essential for children, parents and society as a whole;
Recognising that all levels of society have a role to play in supporting children, parents and families;
Considering that public authorities in conjunction with the economic and social sectors and civil society can, in taking action in support of parenting, help strive for a healthier and more prosperous future for society, as well as an improvement in the quality of family life;
Noting the need for a cross-sectoral and co-ordinated approach;
Keen to promote positive parenting as an essential part of the support provided for parenting, and as a means of ensuring respect for and implementation of children’s rights, Recommends that the governments of member states:
- acknowledge the essential nature of families and of the parental role and create the necessary conditions for positive parenting in the best interests of the child;
- take all appropriate legislative, administrative, financial and other measures adhering to the principles set out in the appendix to this recommendation.

Appendix to the Recommendation Rec(2006)19

1. Definitions
For the purpose of this recommendation, the term:
“Parents”: refers to persons with parental authority or responsibility;
“Parenting”: refers to all the roles falling to parents in order to care for and bring up children. Parenting is
centred on parent-children interaction and entails rights and duties for the child’s development and selffulfilment;
“Positive parenting”: refers to parental behaviour based on the best interests of the child that is nurturing,
empowering, non-violent and provides recognition and guidance which involves setting of boundaries to
enable the full development of the child.

2. Fundamental principles of policies and measures Policies and measures in the field of support for parenting should:
i. adopt a rights-based approach: this means treating children and parents as holders of rights and obligations;
ii. be based on a voluntary choice by the individuals concerned, except when public authorities have to intervene to protect the child;
iii. acknowledge that parents have the prime responsibility for their child, subject to the child’s best interests;
iv. consider parents and children as partners sharing, as appropriate, the setting up and implementation of the measures relating to them;
v. be based on the equal involvement of parents and respect for their complementarity;
vi. guarantee equal opportunities for children irrespective of their gender, status, abilities or family situation;
vii. take into account the importance of a sufficient standard of living to engage in positive parenting;
viii. be based on a clearly expressed concept of positive parenting;
ix. address parents and key players having childcare, health and educational and social responsibilities towards the child and who should also respect the principles of positive parenting;
x. recognise the diverse types of parenting and parental situations through adopting a pluralistic approach;
xi. adopt a positive approach to parents’ potential, particularly through placing priority on incentives;
xii. be long-term in order to guarantee stability and continuity of policy;
xiii. ensure that the number of common rules of principle at national or federal level are kept to a minimum to promote equal standards at local level and that there is a local network of services providing parenting support measures;
xiv. ensure inter-ministerial co-operation, encouraging and co-ordinating the action(s) in this field of the different ministries, departments and agencies concerned in order to implement policy that is coherent and comprehensive;
xv. be co-ordinated at international level, through facilitating exchanges of knowledge, experience and good practice in the application of the guidelines on positive parenting.

3. Objectives
Governments should organise their policies and programmes on positive parenting with a view to achieving the following three types of objectives:
i. the creation of the conditions for positive parenting, by ensuring that all those rearing children have access to an appropriate level and diversity of resources (material, psychological, social and cultural) and that broad social attitudes and patterns of prevailing life are receptive to the needs of families with children and also those of parents;
ii. the removal of barriers to positive parenting, whatever their origin. Employment policy, in particular, should allow a better reconciliation of family and working life;
iii. the promotion of positive parenting by developing awareness of it and taking all the necessary measures to make it a reality. In order to have efficient policies to support parenting, public authorities should promote initiatives aiming to make people aware of the value and importance of positive parenting. Governments should take a pro-active approach to promoting awareness of parenting issues and to normalising participation in parenting programmes. Information should present different images of parenting in order to avoid stigmatising differences.
The goal of policy and measures should be the harmonious development (in all its dimensions) and proper treatment of children, with due regard for their fundamental rights and dignity. As a priority, measures should be taken to eliminate all child neglect and abuse and physical or psychological violence (including humiliation, degrading treatment and corporal punishment).
It is also essential to implement and further develop a suitable policy to bring about a change in social attitudes and patterns of life in order to accommodate more effectively the needs of children, parents and families and in particular to promote family-friendly working environments and services.

4. Incorporating children’s rights in public policies
Public policies on support for parenting should incorporate childhood-related issues, acknowledging the needs and interests of all children and paying attention to their varying needs depending on their age, capacity, and level of maturity. For this purpose, the principles enshrined in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child should be respected by all, regardless of context, and particularly guide the activities of all bodies working in the field, both public and private, especially for the following rights and general principles:
i. the right to non-discrimination;
ii. the best interests of the child should be of primary consideration;
iii. the child’s right to life and development;
ix. the child’s right to participation, to express her/his views, to be heard and be heeded, to receive information and to join associations and other organisations;
x. the right to protection and care.
For this purpose, it is important for the child to grow up in a favourable family environment and in a positive
atmosphere.

5. Considering parents’ responsibilities, rights and obligations
In the best interests of the child, the rights of parents, such as entitlement to appropriate support from public
authorities in fulfilling their parental functions, must also be given prominence. The exercise by parents of equal and shared responsibility for their children makes a major contribution to the harmonious development of the child’s personality.
Particular attention should be paid to the important role of fathers in the care and rearing of their children, taking into account in particular the principle of gender equality, the impact on families of the reconciliation of work and family life and family breakdown, which can often result in fathers living apart from their children.

6. Core components of policies and measures
Policies to promote and encourage positive parenting will work best if they are based on consultation and dialogue with parents and on their voluntary involvement and participation, in order to reach a real partnership. In addition to the essential elements at point 4 and 5 of this recommendation, core components include the following:

6.1. Supporting parents
i. alongside the measures proposed by public authorities to afford and improve support for parents, support from other agencies (such as municipalities, social security and associations) should also be acknowledged and encouraged;
ii. policies should be geared to engendering support for parenting at the following three levels:
- informal: creating and strengthening existing social bonds and encouraging new links between parents and their family, neighbours and friends;
- semi-formal: empowering parents’ and children’s associations and NGOs and activating a range of self-help and other community-based groups and services;
- formal: facilitating access to public services.

6.2. Promoting education in children’s rights and positive parenting
i. parents should be encouraged to become more aware of the nature of their role (and how it is changing),
children’s rights, the responsibilities and obligations that derive from these and their own rights;
ii. governments should also arrange for comprehensive guidelines and specific programmes to assist them in
challenging life situations, conflict resolution, anger management through non-violent approaches and mediation techniques;
iii. prevention programmes regarding the different forms of ill-treatment of children should be promoted and parents made aware of this serious problem and of its consequences on the child’s development;
iv. children should also be taught about their rights and duties in order to make them aware of the concept of positive parenting and what this means for them.

6.3. Reconciling family and working life
i. public authorities should create the necessary conditions – and employers should be encouraged – to implement a better reconciliation of family and working life through legal and other provisions (such as flexible working arrangements, adjustment of working and school hours, leave policies, various types of good quality childcare services, provisions for looking after children with disabilities as well as sick children, etc.);
ii. the social partners should be encouraged to negotiate and develop tailor-made policies adapted to the specific needs of each company and of their employees;
iii. good practices make it clear to employers that a comprehensive work/life balance policy creates a win-win situation within companies.

6.4. Policies at local level
The action taken at local level is particularly important in providing a response tailored more closely to the needs and characteristics of the populations concerned. Co-operation and co-ordination at national or federal and local levels and between these levels are necessary in order to offer families better service and optimise available resources and the use made of them. Administrative procedures should allow for an appropriate level of flexibility in service provision, consistent with ensuring equitable treatment of all families.

7. Targeting of policies and measures
Particular attention should be paid to difficult social and economic circumstances and to crises within families, which require more specific support.
It is also essential to supplement general policies with a more targeted approach. Parenting in certain situations and at certain periods in the life cycle is by its nature more challenging. Despite the variations from
country to country, the needs of the following groups should be especially attended to:
i. first-time parents;
ii. teenage parents;
iii. families with particular needs;
iv. families in difficult socio-economic circumstances.
In the case of separated parents, support policies should be aimed in particular at maintaining links between children and both their parents, unless this is contrary to the child’s best interests. Access to professional counselling should be provided and attention should be paid to cases where the parents have different cultural backgrounds or are of different nationalities.
Public authorities should stimulate and facilitate the creation of networks of mutual assistance associations between families and make available places where parents could meet to discuss – with professionals, if necessary – on issues relating to parenting, and provide parents with adequate support services like free help lines and counselling services.

8. Parenting in situations of social exclusion
Parenting in situations of social exclusion or at risk of social exclusion can be particularly difficult and special attention should be paid to the needs of children and families in this situation, with reference in particular to the following:
i. providing long-term support, as appropriate, to help them achieve the same results as other children and families; this support should include reaching out to them in their homes or in the places they frequent, and take into consideration the possible fear of parents in a situation of social exclusion towards social services, particularly of having their children taken away;
ii. giving sufficient means to support parents and to allow them to acquire the necessary competence to fulfil their responsibilities towards their children;
iii. guaranteeing access to social rights (including the right to adequate income, health, education, housing and employment) and the same quality targeted services as those enjoyed by other families;
iv. ensuring that families and children suffering exclusion are considered in their social context (including the extended family, the community and their relational networks) and enjoy the same quality services, including local ones, as those enjoyed by other families, in accordance with their needs;
v. building a trustworthy relationship with the families and enabling parents to regain control of their own lives;
vi. organising training for professionals and parents together in order to achieve better mutual knowledge and understanding, to build a common project in the best interests of the child and enabling professionals to learn about what these families are experiencing and to better know their family project, with a view to focusing their practice on it;
vii. ensuring personal and collective support for professionals in order to raise their level of competence in working with people in very difficult situations and take the necessary steps to create new approaches;
viii. taking ad hoc measures to avoid the risk of marginalisation of migrant families;
ix. avoiding measures and administrative practice that stigmatise children and parents by treating them differently because their families are less well-off than others;
x. introducing measures to prevent dropout from school as an efficient means to counteract family distress.

9. Qualitative guidelines for professionals
In order for the above rights and principles to be applied, benchmarks and standards must be set. Guidelines on the focus of their services – such as the Council of Europe guidelines on positive parenting – should be given to professionals and practitioners (including those not directly involved with children but whose work could have an impact on their rights), with particular emphasis on:
i. the principle of equity and accessibility, which should underlie all action taken;
ii. the principle of becoming partners with and empowering parents. Partnership presupposes recognition of parents’ own experience and their knowledge of their own children;
iii. application of the concept of partnership to co-operation and interdisciplinary co-ordination between agencies, specifying the particular areas of activity of each department, providing for a sharing of facilities and working in a cross-curricular network;
iv. ensuring that the application of comprehensive services is conceived in terms of support and assistance, encouraging family initiative without creating excessive dependency. Accordingly, strengths and resources of families should be supported. This also means that professionals should act as support for parents, in ways that are non-judgmental and non-stigmatising;
v. building up parents’ self-confidence, enhancing their competencies and potential and motivating parents to be informed and trained;
vi. enabling children to communicate their feelings and needs, in particular very young children and children with communication impairments;
vii. the importance of service provision and professional practices by ensuring that the emphasis is placed on:
- thorough training of the professionals concerned;
- ongoing evaluation, both external and internal (self-evaluation);
- continuity of action;
- responses based on the understanding of the child and families in their context;
viii. devising methods to identify risk factors regarding failure to provide parental care to be disseminated among social services, health-care professionals, those dealing with young people, teachers and childcare staff to train them in identifying families with problems in this respect and offer support. A better co-ordination among the services working to support a family should constantly be sought;
ix. co-ordinating the implementation of measures to separate children from their parents, when this is necessary, with work with the family of origin (particularly in partnership with the parents) in order to enable them to prepare or better prepare for and accept this step as a means of ensuring the best interests of the child. The aim of any such measure should be the return, if possible, of the child in the family environment.

10. School and childcare environment
An integrated approach to the provision of assistance with schooling and support for parenting should be encouraged (especially where children lack stable roots or a permanent home – for example children with a Roma or Gypsy background, children of migrants); childcare and school integration as well as dialogue between these service providers and parents should be encouraged, with special attention to families in difficult situations and to those with particular needs.

11. Key messages for parents and all those having responsibilities for children and their rearing
Key messages on positive parenting should be issued to all parents and persons providing care and involved in the rearing of a child on a daily basis (such as childminders or school staff). These messages should make clear how the child is to be respected as a person and how his/her participation should be promoted, and that parents have rights as well as responsibilities. Key messages should be drawn up on the basis of consultation with all the stakeholders involved, especially parents, service providers and children, and be monitored to ensure that they are effective and are being adhered to.

12. International co-operation
Measures should be put in place to improve international co-operation and exchange of best practice in relation to parenting.

https://wcd.coe.int/wcd/ViewDoc.jsp?id=1073507&Site=CM
Related Documents Meetings

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Résolution 1624 (2008)1 Prévenir la première des violences faites aux enfants: l’abandon à la naissance

1. L’Assemblée parlementaire est consciente que l’abandon d’enfants, notamment de nouveau-nés, a toujours existé et qu’il existera toujours. Il y aura toujours des mères en détresse qui estimeront avoir de bonnes raisons d’abandonner leur enfant à la naissance (déni de grossesse, grossesse hors mariage, grossesse précoce, pauvreté, VIH/sida, etc.). Il y a eu également par le passé dans certains Etats de l’Europe orientale des politiques qui ont «institutionnalisé» l’abandon d’enfants ou incité les parents en difficulté à remettre leurs enfants à l’Etat; ces politiques ont laissé des traces dans les mentalités des populations et dans celles des personnels des maternités.

2. L’Assemblée est toutefois préoccupée car aujourd’hui, malheureusement, le phénomène de l’abandon d’enfants est loin de se tarir. Les difficultés économiques, la pauvreté et le VIH/sida font qu’un fort taux d’abandons d’enfants à la naissance perdure dans certains des Etats de l’Europe centrale et orientale, et que ce phénomène réapparaît dans les Etats d’Europe occidentale, même s’il n’est certainement pas d’une ampleur comparable.

3. Elle note d’ailleurs que les données sur le sujet sont rares; pour répondre à ce défi par des mesures pertinentes, il importerait de quantifier plus précisément le problème et de disposer de données chiffrées, notamment une répartition des abandons par sexe. Il convient également de mieux connaître et de définir avec certitude le profil type de la mère qui abandonne son enfant. En Europe occidentale, il semble s’agir le plus souvent de très jeunes femmes sans autonomie (soit d’origine étrangère, migrantes irrégulières, soit prostituées).

4. L’Assemblée note que l’adoption est devenue un marché et que le manque de bébés adoptables en Occident apparaît comme un facteur aggravant. L’adoption est étroitement liée à la problématique de l’abandon, tout comme le trafic d’enfants. Un reproche souvent avancé par les organisations non gouvernementales est de ne pas suffisamment informer les mères en détresse sur les possibilités qui leur sont offertes et de profiter de leur faiblesse pour favoriser en pratique l’abandon des nouveau-nés.

5. L’abandon d’enfants à la naissance est une question complexe, qui met aussi en jeu des droits autres que ceux de la mère: les droits de l’enfant et les droits du père. Il est impossible aujourd’hui d’ignorer les droits de l’enfant, en particulier le droit de l’enfant de vivre dans une famille et le droit de connaître ses origines; il est tout aussi difficile de passer sous silence les droits des pères.

6. L’Assemblée constate que, en Europe et dans le monde entier, on assiste au retour controversé des tours d’abandon en vigueur en Europe au Moyen Age (aujourd’hui nommées boîtes à bébés). Dans de nombreux pays, l’abandon d’enfants est considéré comme un crime et ce système est alors perçu par certains comme une incitation à commettre un crime et à déresponsabiliser les mères. Les tenants du système invoquent pour arguments en faveur de sa généralisation la baisse du nombre d’avortements, la prévention des infanticides, de la maltraitance, de l’abandon des bébés dans les lieux publics et la certitude de voir les enfants adoptés.

7. Pour l’Assemblée, l’abandon de nouveau-nés pose nettement la question de l’accessibilité des femmes et des hommes – et notamment des migrant(e)s – aux droits sexuels et aux services de santé reproductive.
Même lorsque l’interruption volontaire de grossesse est permise, elle reste soumise à de nombreuses formalités administratives qui sont autant d’obstacles pour bien des femmes en détresse.

8. L’Assemblée réaffirme sa position en faveur de la désinstitutionnalisation des enfants abandonnés et de la priorité à donner aux formes alternatives et familiales de prise en charge de ces enfants. Elle réaffirme également que l’adoption nationale doit primer sur l’adoption internationale.

9. L’Assemblée invite les Etats membres:

9.1. à articuler leur politique familiale autour d’un principe intangible et prioritaire: le respect des droits de
l’enfant, en particulier le droit de l’enfant de vivre dans sa famille et son droit de connaître ses origines, droit
constitutif de l’être humain et vital pour son développement;

9.2. à prévoir un soutien pour les femmes enceintes, les jeunes mères et les jeunes pères, ce qui implique notamment un suivi médico-social de la grossesse, la protection contre le virus VIH/sida et des mesures pour prévenir la transmission mère/enfant, l’accompagnement de l’accouchement, la non-séparation de l’enfant et de la mère lors de la délivrance, et le suivi médico-social postnatal de la mère et du père ainsi que de l’enfant;

9.3. à prendre en compte de façon appropriée la charge financière que représente la venue d’un enfant pour les familles ou les mères célibataires;

9.4. à reconnaître le droit sans réserve des femmes au libre choix de la maternité, ce qui signifie un accès légalisé et facilité aux droits sexuels et aux services de santé reproductive;

9.5. et à porter une attention particulière aux groupes de jeunes filles et femmes particulièrement vulnérables comme les femmes migrantes, les femmes porteuses du VIH/sida ou les femmes originaires de groupes minoritaires.

10. Les Etats membres sont également invités à élaborer une politique active contre l’abandon des nouveaunés:

10.1. qui bannisse toute pression sur la mère et toute mesure incitative à l’abandon d’enfant de la part du personnel médical et paramédical ou des autorités gouvernementales;

10.2. qui prévienne l’abandon sauvage, qui met la vie du nouveau-né en danger, par des mesures appropriées comme le développement de structures d’accueil accessibles;

10.3. qui assure la prévention des maternités précoces et non désirées, notamment par l’information et l’éducation sexuelle des filles et des garçons à l’école;

10.4. qui assure une meilleure information des mères, en particulier celles appartenant aux groupes vulnérables, ainsi que des pères, sur toutes les possibilités offertes pour les aider, notamment financières pour faire face à la charge économique supplémentaire que représente l’enfant;

10.5. et qui aide à la création et au développement de lieux d’accueil et d’hébergement temporaire du couple mère/enfant.

11. Les Etats membres du Conseil de l’Europe doivent inciter les mères à laisser leur identité, même si par ailleurs il convient de développer des formes d’accouchement protégé, dans la discrétion, au bénéfice de la mère. L’enfant ne doit pas être privé de son droit de connaître ses origines et ce avant même sa majorité.

12. Pour lutter contre le trafic d’enfants nouveau-nés, l’Assemblée recommande que l’enregistrement de tous les enfants à la naissance soit une obligation totalement gratuite pour les parents; des mesures incitatives pour une telle déclaration peuvent être prévues comme l’octroi de primes à la naissance.

13. L’Assemblée demande aux Etats membres de prévoir des procédures transparentes d’abandon des nouveau-nés aux fins d’adoption nationale et internationale; des délais raisonnables doivent permettre à la mère de se rétracter si elle le souhaite et, dans toute la mesure du possible, le consentement du père ne doit pas être négligé; le recours à l’adoption nationale ou internationale ne doit pas priver l’enfant d’accéder à la connaissance de ses origines ni le lui interdire.

14. Enfin, l’Assemblée considère qu’il y aurait manquement à ses obligations pour tout Etat membre du Conseil de l’Europe qui n’adopterait pas une politique donnant à chaque enfant – quels que soient son origine et le lieu où il vit – l’opportunité de développer au mieux son potentiel. Chaque Etat doit avoir l’obligation d’assurer en permanence un environnement familial sécurisé à chaque enfant, que ce soit dans sa propre famille, sa famille d’accueil ou sa famille d’adoption. Aucun enfant ne doit sans nécessité subir de préjudice dans les structures éducatives, sanitaires et sociales disponibles. Un manquement à ces obligations serait indigne de tout Etat et du maintien de sa qualité de membre du Conseil de l’Europe. Le Conseil de l’Europe, dans son ensemble, se doit de s’assurer que chaque Etat assume ses obligations vis-àvis des enfants et des rapports réguliers doivent être présentés à l’Assemblée quant à leur respect par les Etats membres.

1. Discussion par l’Assemblée le 27 juin 2008 (27e séance) (voir Doc . 11538 , rapport de la commission des
questions sociales, de la santé et de la famille, rapporteur: M. Hancock). Texte adopté par l’Assemblée le 27
juin 2008 (27e séance).
http://assembly.coe.int/Mainf.asp?link=/Documents/AdoptedText/ta08/FRES1624.htm

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http://www.ilgiornale.it/milano/a_milano_mamma_cinque_e_single/22-12-2010/articolo-id=495341-page=0-comments=1

http://www.paternitaoggi.it/public/post/davanti-al-duomo-di-catania-con-una-culla-vuota-per-il-riconoscimento-della-figlia-neonata-899.asp

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http://www.facebook.com/pages/Affidamento-esclusivo-dei-figli-alle-madri-i-padri-sono-inutili/184888728223302

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http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NyJKTCfJeHA

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http://www.tantasalute.it/articolo/violenza-contro-l-uomo-figlia-delle-separazioni/3241/

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Comunicato stampa - 227(2011)

Giornata internazionale 2011 per l’eliminazione della discriminazione razziale

Dichiarazione di Ahmet Davutoğlu, ministro turco degli Affari esteri e presidente del Comitato dei Ministri

Strasburgo, 18.03.2011 – “Nell’Europa odierna, sempre più eterogenea, non dobbiamo mai dimenticare il principio fondamentale secondo cui tutti gli esseri umani nascono liberi ed eguali in dignità e diritti”, ha dichiarato Ahmet Davutoğlu, presidente del Comitato dei Ministri del Consiglio d’Europa, in occasione della Giornata internazionale per l’eliminazione della discriminazione razziale.

“Oggi più che mai, nel momento in cui rispondiamo alle sfide delle nostre società in trasformazione, dobbiamo lottare contro ogni forma di razzismo e xenofobia.

Il Consiglio d’Europa è deciso a portare avanti la sua azione, utilizzando tutti i mezzi di cui dispone, in particolare la Corte europea dei Diritti dell’Uomo, la Commissione europea contro il razzismo e l’intolleranza e il Commissario per i diritti umani, per garantire che nessuno sia vittima di discriminazione o esposto all’odio a causa della razza, del colore della pelle, del sesso, della lingua, della religione, dell’origine o per altri motivi”, ha aggiunto.

Direzione della Comunicazione del Consiglio d'Europa
Tel: +33 (0)3 88 41 25 60
Fax:+33 (0)3 88 41 39 11
pressunit@coe.int
www.coe.int

https://wcd.coe.int/wcd/ViewDoc.jsp?Ref=PR227(2011)&Language=lanItalian&Ver=original&Site=COE&BackColorInternet=F5CA75&BackColorIntranet=F5CA75&BackColorLogged=A9BACE

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http://www.lagazzettadelmezzogiorno.it/notizia.php?IDNotizia=412815&IDCategoria=12

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http://www.petizionionline.ch/petizione/mozione-pari-opportunita-anche-per-i-padri/18

xii
Parlamento UE: AD-NEWS intervista Antinoro sulla questione delle pari opportunita´ genitoriali
http://www.adiantum.it/public/2067-parlamento-ue--ad-news-intervista-antinoro-sulla-questione-delle-pari-opportunita--genitoriali.asp

xiii
SEPARAZIONI: TROPPE CAUSE CONTRO CONIUGE POSSONO CONFIGURARE STALKING
http://www.asca.it/news-SEPARAZIONI__TROPPE_CAUSE_CONTRO_CONIUGE_POSSONO_CONFIGURARE_STALKING-987309-ORA-.html
[...] 'abuso di processo'.
[...] fenomeno del ricorso imprudente o addirittura doloso ad azioni giudiziarie finalizzate non tanto all'esercizio dei propri diritti quanto all'intenzione di arrecare danni alla controparte o dilatare i tempi dei processi''. [...]

xiv
Le madri single sotto i riflettori

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/public/story_page/047-112868-031-01-06-908-20110131STO12856-2011-31-01-2011/default_it.htm

[...] Secondo Laura Alipranti, del Centre for Social Research, la Grecia è un buon esempio di come la società stia cambiando. Stanno aumentando le nascite fuori dal matrimonio (nell'Unione sarebbero oggi circa il 37% e in alcuni paesi nordici quasi il 50%) e le coppie omosessuali. Ci sono sempre più divorzi e convivenze. [...]

xv
La Dichiarazione Universale dei diritti umani commentata dal Prof. Antonio Papisca
http://unipd-centrodirittiumani.it/it/dossier/La-Dichiarazione-Universale-dei-diritti-umani-commentata-dal-Prof-Antonio-Papisca/3

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