PLS No Smoking لطفا سیگار نکشید sign now


Tobacco smoking is the practice where tobacco is burned and the vapors either tasted or inhaled. The practice began as early as 50003000 BC. Many civilizations burnt incense during religious rituals, which was later adopted for pleasure or as a social tool.
Tobacco was introduced to the Old World in the late 1500s where it followed common trade routes. The substance was met with frequent criticism, but became popular nonetheless.
German scientists formally identified the link between smoking and lung cancer in the late 1920s leading the first anti-smoking campaign in modern history. The movement, however, failed to reach across enemy lines during the Second World War, and quickly became unpopular thereafter.[4] In 1950, health authorities again began to suggest a relationship between smoking and cancer. Scientific evidence mounted in the 1980s, which prompted political action against the practice. Rates of consumption from 1965 onward in the developed world have either peaked or declined. However, they continue to climb in the developing world. .


طبق تحقيقات سازمان جهاني بهداشت در هر ‌٨ ثانيه يك نفر در دنيا به علت استعمال دخانيات جان خود را از دست مي‌دهد. نتايج تحقيقات حاكي از آن است چنانچه افراد در سنين نوجواني شروع به كشيدن سيگار كنند (بيش از ‌٧٠ درصد موارد سيگاري شدن در اين مرحله اتفاق مي‌افتد) و مدت ‌٢٠ سال يا بيشتر به اين عمل ادامه بدهند بين ‌٢٠ تا ‌٢٥ سال زودتر از افرادي كه به هيچ‌وجه در زندگي سيگار نكشيده‌اند، خواهند مرد. تنها سرطان ريه يا بيماريهاي قلبي پيامدهاي استعمال دخانيات نيست بلكه مجموعه‌اي از مسايل و مشكلات بهداشتي در ارتباط با مصرف مواد دخاني وجود دارد كه مي‌تواند به لحاظ شرايط جسماني و مقاومت ايمني در افراد سيگاري بروز مي‌كند، كه برخي از آنها عبارتند از:
‌١- از دست دادن موها
با تضعيف سيستم ايمني افراد سيگاري در اثر مصرف مواد دخاني، بدن اين افراد مستعد ابتلا به انواع بيماريها از جمله لوپوس اريتماتوز مي‌شود كه اين بيماري مي‌تواند عامل از دست دادن موها، ايجاد زخم‌ در دهان، جوش‌هاي پوست روي صورت، سر و دست‌ها شود.
‌٢ - آب مرواريد (كاتاراكت)
افراد سيگاري ‌٤٠ درصد بيش از افراد ديگر در معرض ابتلا به آب مرواريد، كه در شدن عدسي
چشم و ممانعت از عبور نور و در نهايت نابينايي هستند. ‌٣ - چين و چروك استعمال دخانيات باعث از بين بردن پروتئين‌هاي انعطاف دهنده پوست مي‌شود؛ همچنين باعث تحليل بردن ويتامين A و محدود كردن جريان خون در عروق پوست مي‌گردد.

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Martha StoneBy:
SustainabilityIn:
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The Secretary General of the United Nations Ban Ki-Moon and The United Nations High Commissioner of Human Rights and Human Rights Watch and All People

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