No to crime and corruption in Karnataka politics sign now

http://www.thepetitionsite.com/1/no-to-crime-corruption-in-karnataka-politics

URL: http://www.adrindia.org/

http://adrindia.org/files/karnataka\%20assembly\%20complete\%20report.pdf

Money power of winning candidates in Karnataka Assembly Elections 2008

Average assets of
Winners->Rs.5.6 crores
Losers-->Rs.1.9 crores

The three major parties gave tickets to candidates with high assets.

Average declared assets of MLAs
BJP--->Rs.4.4 crores
INC--->Rs.8.1 crores
JD(S)->Rs.3.9 crores

This is a disturbing trend since ordinary citizens have almost no chance of entering politics. Only the major parties win, and they give tickets to people with large assets.

The Election Commission of India (ECI) seized cash, liquor and other gifts worth Rs.45.57 crores. What was not seized will never be known.

Value of cash, liquor and other gifts seized by the ECI=Rs.45.57 crores

Candidates->225
Assets of 225 candidates in
2004--------->Rs.0227.80 crores
2008--------->Rs.1271.40 crores
Net increase->Rs.1043.00 crores (an increase of 458 per cent)

MLAs (Members of the Legislative Assembly) reporting high asset increase=91
Assets of 91 MLAs in
2004--------->Rs.0121.00 crores
2008--------->Rs.0573.00 crores
Net increase->Rs.0451.00 crores (an increase of 371 per cent)

Criminal Records
Candidates with a criminal record from registered political parties->0140
Independent candidates with criminal records--------------------->Some

Total number of candidates with a criminal record from registered political parties=140

MLAs with criminal records in the 2008 Assembly
BJP----------->25
INC---------->08
JD(S)--------->07
Independents->02
Total MLAs-->43-42 (with criminal records)

MLAs in the 2008 Assembly with murder or attempt to murder cases against them
BJP---->03
INC--->03
JD(S)-->02
Total-->08

18.75 per cent of MLAs in the 2008 Assembly have formal criminal cases against them.

It is ironic that one cannot get a Government job with a criminal case, but it is possible to get elected as an MLA.
Total cases of a serious nature=32 (includes murder, attempt to murder, rape, theft, dacoity, bribery, cheating, forgery, causing hurt using dangerous weapons, outraging the modesty of a woman and criminal intimidation) Several MLAs have multiple cases against them.

Candidates-------------------------------->21
having murder or attempt to murder cases->22 (One had 02 cases against him)
elected as MLAs------------------------->08

8/21 candidates with murder or attempt to murder cases became MLAs.

Cases of a serious nature against registered political parties
Candidates->94
MLAs----->32

Criminal records are declared by candidates only after charges have been framed. Prior to this, there is usually an FIR at a police station, an investigation, filing of chargesheet by the Police in Court, and finally formal framing of charges by the Court. After that the trial starts.

If there were two or more tainted candidates from these three major parties the BJP, INC and JD(S) in a constituency, then voters had little choice but to elect one of them. Thus, there were 20 such constituencies with two or more tainted candidates, and amongst these, 13 won.

Constituencies of major parties
With two or more candidates having a criminal record->20
Won by candidates having a criminal record----------->13

Constituencies
With only one tainted candidate from a major party->94
Won by clean candidates--------------------------->67 (71.3 per cent won)

Among the "Other" parties, there are 23 serious offenses, and there are 46 candidates with criminal charges.

Other parties
Serious offenses------------------>23
Candidates with criminal charges->46

Out of 42 MLAs with a criminal record, 16 were first time winners (2008) and 26 were repeat winners (2004 and 2008).

MLAs with criminal record->42
First time winners in 2008-->16
Repeat winners in 2008---->26

Changes in Criminal Records between 2004 and 2008
Among the elected MLAs, there were 38 who changed the declarations about their criminal records between 2004 and 2008. Of this, there were 19 from the BJP, 9 from the INC and 10 from the JD(S). This needs to be investigated by the authorities so that the reason for thechange is ascertained.

Changes in Criminal Records of MLAs between 2004 and 2008
BJP---->19
INC--->09
JD(S)-->10
Total--->38

Average assets of BJP Ministers is more than the average assets of the BJP MLAs, which is in turn more than that of the BJP candidates.

First List of Ministers Karnataka Assembly 2008, May 2008: 31 Members. (3 MLAs are from the MLC and one is not from either house. Their records are not yet available)
BJP Ministers:
Total Assets------>Rs.134.8 Cr
Avg Assets------->Rs.006.4 Cr
Criminal Records->6

Independents:
Total Assets------>Rs.16.1 Cr
Avg Assets------->Rs.03.2 Cr
Criminal Records->2

15 MLAs with Very High Declared Assets (greater Rs. 20 Crores)
Total Assets----------->Rs.662.7 Cr
Average Assets/MLA->Rs.044.2 Cr

55 MLAs with High Declared Assets (Between Rs. 3 crores and Rs. 20 Crores)
BJP--------->25
INC--------->23
JD(S)------->06
Independent->01
Total-------->55

Candidates with High Assets (Between Rs. 3 Crores and Rs. 20 Crores)
BJP---->044
INC---->055
JD(S)-->035
Others->021
Total-->155
155 Candidates with a total of Rs.1081.84 crores

Candidates with Very High Rise in Assets (> Rs. 5 Cr)
36 Candidates
Assets in 2004->Rs.104.0 Cr
Assets in 2008->Rs.933.0 Cr
Increase------->Rs.829.0 Cr

Percentage Increase->797 per cent
Avg Increase/Cand-->Rs.23 Cr

BJP MLAs
with crime records----------------------->25
with Murder or Attempt to murder cases->03
Total Assets->Rs.168.10 crores
Avg. Assets->Rs.006.72 crores

JD(S) MLAs
with crime records----------------------->07
with Murder or Attempt to murder cases->02
Total Assets->Rs.30.93 crores
Avg. Assets->Rs.03.87 crores

INC MLAs
with crime records----------------------->08
with Murder or Attempt to murder cases->03
Total Assets->Rs.34.80 crores
Avg. Assets->Rs.04.35 crores

Candidates with Criminal Records
BJP---->049 (2004)->040 (2008)
INC--->024 (2004)->025 (2008)
JD(S)-->039 (2004)->029 (2008)
Others->090 (2004)->046 (2008)
Total--->202 (2004)->140 (2008)

Winners/MLAs with Criminal Records
BJP---->26 (2004)->25 (2008)
INC--->09 (2004)->08 (2008)
JD(S)-->18 (2004)->07 (2008)
Others->07 (2004)->02 (2008)
Total--->60 (2004)->42 (2008)

Criminal Records: 2004 to 2008 Changes for Repeat MLAs
BJP--->19 MLAs
JD(S)->10 MLAs
INC-->09 MLAs

Conclusions
The Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) of India said that the "total value of hard cash, liquor and goodies seized in Karnataka (in 2008) was Rs.45.57 crores, the highest value (by a wide margin) in any general election to a State in my four years in the ECI.

Big spending in elections by parties and candidates is a manifestation of the festering disease of corruption and concealment of income leading to the generation of black money.

If a candidate is willing to spend ten times more than the prescribed ceiling, it is not out of philanthropy, but in the secure knowledge that he can earn ten times what he spends once he gets to the seat of power." (The Hindu, Op-Ed, May 31, 2008).

We also endorse the CEC's views. To preserve democracy, the nexus between crime, money and politics needs to be broken. The chances of an ordinary citizen getting a ticket and winning are almost nil. Our system does not permit even a Class 4 job in Government to be taken up if there is any criminal case pending. However, it permits such a person to become an MLA or Minister. This is clearly discriminating against ordinary people who are not in politics. The system needs to change.

Representation of women is also very low less than 5 per cent of candidates and less than 1.5 per cent of MLAs. That means 50 per cent of the population is not adequately represented.

Only 50 MLAs got more than 50 per cent of the votes cast. The ruling party got less votes than the main opposition party about 33.86 per cent of the votes. A majority of voters go unrepresented in a multi party contest.

We need a wider debate on reforms and consider alternate systems including proportional representation, direct election of the Chief Minister and/or a requirement that the winner must get at least 50 per cent of the votes cast.

Greater transparency in election expenses is needed, and that information should be available to voters well in advance of elections.

CONCLUSION IN BRIEF:
To preserve and/or save democracy in all Indian states in general and Karnataka in particular we need to

01) Break the unholy nexus between crime, money / cash / corruption and politics.

02) Bring all the elected representatives in the state like Members of Legislative Assembly (MLAs), Members of Legislative Council (MLCs), Municipal Councillors / Corporators, Zilla Parishad (ZP), Taluk Panchayat (TP) and Mandal Panchayat (MP) under the purview of the state's anti-corrupt Ombudsman (Lokayukta).

03) Bring chairpersons of boards / civic bodies / Urban Development Authorities who're appointed by the politicians of the ruling party in the state under the purview of the state's anti-corrupt Ombudsman (Lokayukta).

04) Bring Chief Ministers, Cabinet Ministers and Ministers of state under the purview of the state's anti-corrupt Ombudsman (Lokayukta).

05) Bring Members of the Parliament [Lok Sabha (LS) / Lower House and Rajya Sabha (RS) / Upper House] including the Prime Minister (PM) should be brought under the purview of the central anti-corrupt ombudsman (Lok Pal).

06) Implement Supreme Court directives both in letter and in spirit.

07) Stop politicians from interfering in the working / functioning of the Police Establishment Board (PEB) which should transfer police officials based strictly on merit only.

08) Make the state police accountable to the law and the constitution of India.

09) Stop politicians from the ruling parties withdrawing the criminal cases against their partymen / affiliates / sympathisers.

10) Stop politicians from interfering with the autonomous functioning of the police department.

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Florence DyerBy:
Entertainment and MediaIn:
Petition target:
Hon'ble Supreme Court, PM, President, Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC), Chief Election Commissioner (CEC), Election Commission of India (ECI), Lokayukta, Governor (Guv), Chief Minister (CM), Members of Legislative Assembly / Council & Chief Secy

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