National Institute in Rural & Multi-facet Backward Pocket of India sign now

To
The President of India, Dr. Abdul Kalam, Email: [email protected]
The Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, Email: [email protected]

Dear honorable President and the Prime Minister, Government of India,

Esteem Sirs,

We will bring the following for your kind attention to establish national institutes in a rural and multi-facet backward pocket of India.

(i) Access to Knowledge: Citizens should have equal right, opportunity and access to knowledge with respect to common governmental facilities and irrespective of caste, creed, religion and most importantly geographical location. Most of the issues are often raised except access to national institute of higher learning for those unprivileged citizens who live in remote locations such as Kalahandi which is a multi-facet backward region due to tribal backwardness, hill area backwardness and backward due to severe and regular natural calamities.


(ii) Institute in Rural Location: In last 59 years NOT a single national institute like IIT, IIM, IISc, IISER etc was ever established in an unprivileged and backward Kalahandi region although national institute of higher learning in smaller towns have delivered well both qualitatively and quantitatively all over the world despite the fact that Bhawanipatna, the district head quarter of Kalahandi, is large enough to accommodate an international institute.


(iii) Not Over Crowding Cities: Unfortunately, in the current boom of establishing national institutes like IISER, IIT, IIM, IIPH, NIPER etc. by HRD ministry and by various central government ministries, not a single location like Bhawanipatna is being chosen rather overcrowding our polluted and exploding cities, many of those would be ecologically in high risk during few decades as per the predictions by environmentalists.


(iv) Developing Hill Backward Region: Most of the hill backward regions like Roorkee, Guwahati, Shilong etc were rewarded with IIT, IIM etc and all the north eastern states were with central universities by government of India, but nothing has been made in Kalahandi in this regard though its backwardness is multi-facet.


(v) Improving Tribal Backward Cluster: Quality education has always been a far reaching aspiration for those unprivileged and poor citizens who live in remote locations like Kalahandi. There is not a single national institution like IIT, IISc, IISER, Central University etc within 500 km radius of Kalahandi. Not a single state government university, medical college or engineering college is located in 200 km radius of Kalahandi. This is when all its neighboring districts of Orissa such as Nawrangur, Koraput, Rayagada, Kandhamal, Boud, Bolangir and Nuapada districts and that of Chhatisgarch such as Raipur and Bastar districts do not have any national institute and are equally backward and tribal populated. The whole cluster has been in news since last four decades for wrong reasons of backwardness and poverty.


(vi) Equalizing Geographical Imbalances: The nearest central university is at Hyderabad which is about 700km away from Kalahandi. No institute of national importance within 500km radius of KBK region, a size of a moderate state located towards the center of the nation and without having any sea border and major lake, could be easily compared with the distributions of such national institutions with in a distance of cities corridor like Mumbai-Pune at 163km, Delhi-Chandigarh at 240km, Delhi-Roorkee at 215km, Lucknow-Vanaras at 300km, Lucknow Aligarh at 370km, Kharagpur-Kolkata at 150km, Bangalore-Chennai at 330km, Kozhikode-Tiruvanth apuram at 380km, Chennai-Pondichery at 165km, Kozhikode-Bangalore at 355km, Lucknow-Kanpur at 77km, Guwahati-Shillong at 100km, and Bhopal Indore at 186km. The distance between Bhawanipatna and Koraput is 230km, Koraput and Balangir is 330km and between state capital Bhubaneswar and Bhawanipatna is about 450 km.


(vii) Developing Infrastructure: As an administrative strategy to show apathy often lack of infrastructure like rail, road and airport etc which are also part of governmental assignments is always given as drawback for making national educational institute. Unless government investment like establishment of new institution is not made how the infrastructure will improve. Secondly, no private company would be interested to invest in a region where the infrastructure is poorer like Kalahandi. When academicians, students and researchers from various part of the country would work together, it will change the outlook of a region like Kalahandi.


(viii) Generating Employment: People do hesitate to live and work in a remote and disadvantageous part of the nation rather preferring metro cities. Even the Orissa state government feels the similar wind from the officers assigned in the Kalahandi. So, opposition and problems like infrastructure and communication were/are expected to often be raised by few of our academicians and decision makers against a multi-facet and unprivileged region like Kalahandi for a national institute, however, establishment of such institution itself would solve many of these infrastructure related problems (indeed at present Bhawanipatna is connected by national highway and getting a rail link) and would force many national level academicians, researchers and students to work in this region changing its current outlook. Place like Bhawanipatna is not only ideal for education in environmental point of view but it will bring infrastructure and employment directly and indirectly to the region.


(ix) Improving Literacy: The literacy rate in Kalahandi is one of the lowest in the country and in recent years it does not show any improvement. Illiterate and poor people often raise the validity of education when their children can not find employment after obtaining graduate certificates from the local colleges and force to work in agricultural field. The primary education is losing its effectiveness as there is no parameter in higher education in Kalahandi increasing drop out from the schools. NSSO data shows states having national institute of higher learning such as Assam , Arunachal Pradesh have higher attendance than state without having such an institute like Orissa. A national institute of higher learning does influence poor and illiterate peoples general perception on education. Therefore it is the responsibility of the government to make equalize every part and region while establishing new national institution of higher learning which will automatically help to bring infrastructure in a long run irrespective of remote accessibility.


(x) Caring Rural Public Health: Kalahandi, in total KBK region has higher malaria mortality rate and its state Orissa has highest mortality in the country of malaria. The birth mortality of Orissa is one of the highest in the country and that of KBK region is equivalent to worlds highest. The newly established Public Health Foundation of India is planning to make few Indian Institute of Public Health (IIPH) in urban cities like Delhi, Kolkata, Ahemadabad, Hyderabad, Chennai, Chandigarh and Lucknow . It is surprising that how it would help these institutes located in various cities to understand the basic health problem faced by rural Indian such as people in remote places like Kalahandi. The current health problem faced by rural and urban India is totally different and needs separate assessment. For example, malaria and birth mortality are serious problems to overcome in rural India, where as urban India has fought them well but including deadly urban health problems like AIDS, heart failures, stress, etc. Short visit by few policy makers to rural pockets like KBK region from Kolkata or Hyderbad would not make them understand the daily ground reality of health problems faced by rural mass in this region. One needs to bear in mind that visiting Kalahandi from Kolkata/Hyderabad might take two days where as in shining India from Delhi one could reach Kolkata/Hyderabad in 2 hours. This shows how the government is becoming impartial towards rural public health. It would be wise to establish half the number of IIPH in rural and remote pockets across India and other half in urban cities.


We request you to kindly look into the above points seriously and establish a central university and few national institutions like IIT, IIM, IIPH in the multi-facet backward Kalahandi in an urgent basis.

Thank you and with regards

Sincerely

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