JOS CRISIS 2008 AJIBOLA PANEL REPORT PART SIX sign now

4.2.9 Alhaji Ibrahim Mantu, Former Deputy Senate President. Alhaji Ibrahim Mantu, the former Deputy Senate President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria was mentioned in memorandum JCI/J/207/2009 as one of the persons indirectly responsible for the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008. The memorandum was presented to the Commission by Sunday Kasuwa Bwoi and was heard by the Commission on 16th day of June, 2009 with Mr. Sunday Kasuwa Bwoi testifying as Commission witness 103 (CW.103). Although the witness did not state the role Alhaji Ibrahim Mantu played in precipitating the Unrest he told the Commission in his oral evidence that he mention Mantu because of revelations from Mantus ADC who served under him for 7 years. The former ADC granted an interview which was published titled Mantu is behind most of Jos crisis. He also told the Commission that he had expected Mantu to have refuted the allegations in that interview but he did not which meant that what his ADC said was true. CW103 said Mantu himself confirmed what his ADC said to be true when he, Mantu referred to what the ADC said as a betrayal.
To prove this allegation, witness CW103 requested that the former ADC, Alhaji Abubakar Dashe and Alhaji Ibrahim Mantu himself be called to appear before the Commission and give evidence. The Commission invited Alhaji Ibrahim Mantu and Alhaji Abubakar Dashe to appear before the Commission. Alhaji Ibrahim Mantu failed to appear before the Commission as requested but Alhaji Abubakar Dashe appeared before the Commission on the 28th day of July, 2009. Alhaji Abubakar Dashe testified as Commission witness No.204 and confirmed that he actually granted the interview in the Leadership Newspaper of March 8, 2009. A copy of the Leadership Newspaper of March 8, 2009 containing the interview published was tendered and admitted in evidence as Exhibit.SC.1. While answering a question put to him by the lead Counsel to the Commission, C.W 204 stated that Ibrahim Mantu was behind most of the crisis in Jos. He proceeded to tell the Commission among other things that as ADC to Mantu, he heard him on several occasions inciting people thus go and fight for your right, go and resist. According to CW 204, a personality like Mantu should not use such inciting words. The witness told the Commission that from his experience as ADC to Senator Ibrahim Mantu, he knew that most of these crises, especially in Jos North were fuelled by Politicians like Mantu. He said whenever Ibrahim Mantu lost an election, he would create problems using religion. That was the evidence against Senator Ibrahim Mantu, former Deputy Senate President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
A careful review and consideration of the totality of the evidence adduced against the former Deputy Senate President, revealed that nothing concrete was established against him, suggesting that he precipitated the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008. The witness did not tell the Commission where, when and to whom the inciting words were used by the Senator Ibrahim Mantu, or that Mantu had a hand in the mayhem which occurred in Jos on the 28th November, 2008. However, for the sake of the overall security and well being of the State, the Commission advices Government to watch and monitor the activities of Senator Ibrahim Mantu in view of the evidence that whenever he lost an election, he would cause trouble using religious sentiments. The Police should investigate his activities
4.2.10 Alhaji Sale Hassan:
Alhaji Sale Hassan, Hausa/Fulani Community leader in Jos North was also mentioned by some memoranda and witnesses who testified before the Commission as being indirectly responsible for the Unrest. The Memoranda are:
(i) Memorandum JCI/J/91/2009 by Sunday Gomper of School of Technical Education Plateau State Polytechnic, Barkin Ladi. This memorandum was presented by Mr. Sunday Gomper himself on the 19th day of March, 2009. He testified as Commission Witness 26 (CW 26). On page 20 of the said memorandum (Exhibit JCI/J/91/2009/1), the witness identified Alhaji Sale Hassan, as arrow head of the mayhem of 28th November, 2008 and stated therein that it would be necessary for the Commission to invite him to appear before it.
(ii) Memorandum JCI/J/78/2009 by Kuru Community, Jos South Local Government, Plateau State. The memorandum was presented on behalf of the Community Mr. by Samuel Dung Davou on the 27th day of March, 2009. He testified as Commission witness 44 (CW44). The witness on page 12 paragraph (j) of the memorandum (Exhibit JCI/J/78/2009/1) mentioned Alhaji Sale Hassan as one of the persons to be invited to appear before the Commission to defend the role he played in respect of the Unrest of 28th November, 2008 because in 1987, Alhaji Sale Hassan vide the Reporter Newspaper of Tuesday, October 13, 1987 called on the Jasawa youths to rise up and recover Jos ruler ship and that ever since then, Jos has never known peace. The witness referred the Commission to Newspaper in question which was attached to memorandum JCI/J/78/2009 as Appendix 9.
The Commission invited Alhaji Sale Hassan to appear before it and respond to this allegation but he failed to appear. The Commission considers this as an unfortunate development. The Commission has thoroughly reviewed all the evidence against Alhaji Sale Hassan and found that he vide the Reporter Newspaper of Tuesday, October 13, 1987 urged the Jasawa youths to rise up and recover the rulership of Jos Town (See Appendix 9) and ever since then Jos has not known peace. The witnesses also referred this Commission to the previous Reports on Jos crisis, particularly, those of Hon. Justice J. Aribiton Fiberesimas Commission of Inquiry into the Jos Riots of 12th April, 1994 and Hon. Justice Niki Tobis Commission of Inquiry into the Civil Disturbances in Jos and Environs on 7th September, 2001. The Commission went through these Reports and found that indeed the name of Alhaji Sale Hassan appeared severally in Hon Justice J. Aribiton Fiberesimas Report of 1994 as a founder of the troublesome Jasawa Development Association responsible for all the crisis in Jos. (See pages 27, 28 and 29 of the said Report). The Commission further observed that in the Report of Hon. Justice Niki Tobi Commission, Alhaji Sale Hassan was not spared either. His name came up once again in connection with the activities of Jasawa Development Association which was held responsible for the 2001 Disturbances in Jos and its Environs . Alhaji Sale Hassan was described in the Report as the mentor or sponsor of the Association. Although he was not directly linked to the present Unrest.
The Commission is of the view that the activities of Alhaji Sale Hassan particularly in connection with the Jasawa Development Association should be closely monitored by the Government. He should be invited by the Police for a full investigation and report about his activities particularly in connection with Jasawa Development Association and the findings should be made available to the SSS.
4.2.11 Sheikh Sani Yahaya Jengre:
A Muslim Cleric, Sheikh Sani Yahaya Jengre was mentioned in many memoranda presented before the Commission as one of the persons indirectly responsible for the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008, for his very inciting preaching. Some of these memoranda are as follows:
(i) Memorandum JCI/J/77/2009 by Honourable Francis Tadi Gazu. The memorandum was presented by Hon. Francis Tadi Gazu on 2nd day of April, 2009. He testified as Commission witness 69 (CW69). The witness at pages 9 and 10 of Exhibit JCI/J/77/2009/1 accused Sheikh Sani Yahaya Jengre as one of the persons responsible for the Jos Unrest of 28th November,2009. The witness is of the firm view that if anyone was to be held responsible for the Unrest, it was Sheikh Sani Yahaya Jengre. The reason for his assertion is that Sheikh Sani Yahaya Jengres sermons to the Muslim Ummah was very inciting, intolerable and outright misrepresentation of facts. The witness further stated at page 5 of Exhibit JCI/J/77/2009/1 that Sheikh Sani Yahaya Jengres sermon were full of intolerance for the natives host of Berom, Anaguta and Afizere people. The witness gave an instance of the intolerance displayed by the Sheikh in his preaching by referring the Commission to the said sermon, where the Mallam warned the Governor of Plateau State not to install a Berom man as Chairman of Jos North and went on to dare the Governor that if he does that, he would face dire consequences. The witness also told the Commission that Sheikh Sani Yahaya Jengre grossly mispresented facts when he told his congregation in his sermon that they constituted eighty percent of the population of Jos North. The witness went further to state that since the supporters of the said Sheikh Sani Yahaya Jengre are predominantly illiterates, they agreed totally with him and had every reason to riot when they were told that a mere twenty percent population had been declared winners. See pages 4, 5, 6 and 7 of Exhibit JCI/J/77/2009/1.
These utterances and the circumstances in which they were uttered are sufficient to trigger an Unrest:
iii) Memorandum JCI/J/91/2009 by Sunday Gomper (CW26) of School of Technical Education Plateau State Polytechnic Barkin Ladi. This witness listed Shiekh Yahaya Jengre as one of the persons that should be held responsible for the Unrest and recommended very strongly that his activities be investigated but did not state any reason to support his assertion.
(iv) Memorandum JCI/J/207/2009 by Mr. Sunday Kasuwa Bwoi, this memorandum also mentioned Sheikh Yahaya Jengre as one of the persons indirectly responsible for the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008. At page 5 of the memorandum (Exhibit JCI/J/207/2009/1), the witness who testified as C.W 103 listed Shiekh Sani Yahaya Jengre as one of the persons he regarded as prime suspects responsible for the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008,
(v) Memorandum JCI/J/152/2009 by Berom Forum, Chwelnyap. This memorandum was presented by John Pam Choji on behalf of the Forum on the 25th day of March, 2009. He testified as Commission witness 37(CW37). On pages 1 and 2 of the memorandum (Exhibit JCI/J/152/2009/1), the witness referred to provocative sermons by Muslim Ulamas and cited an example of a recent sermon preached by Shiekh Sani Yahaya Jengre, which according to the witness, was:
quite inciting against adherent of other faith and contributed to the mayhem...... .

(vi) Memorandum JCI/J/65/2009 by Berom Patriotic Forum in Tertiary Institutions of Plateau State: This is one of the memoranda that also pointed out Shiekh Sani Yahaya Jengre as one persons indirectly responsible for the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008. This memorandum was presented on behalf of Patriotic Forum by Dalyop Danladi Mancha, the Chairman of the Forum on the 25th day of March, 2009. He testified as Commission witness 35 and accused Sheikh Sani Yahaya Jengre because of his inciting preaching contained in some cassettes being circulated in Jos city prior to the Unrest.
(vii) Memorandum JCI/J/136/2009 by Berom Parliamentary Forum, No. 10 Madu Road, Du. This memorandum was presented on the 19th day of March, 2009 by Mr. Toma Jang Davou on behalf of the Forum. He testified as Commission witness 28 (CW28). On page 10, paragraph 6 of the memorandum (Exhibit JCI/136/2009/1), the witness recommended the trial of Sheikh Sani Yahaya Jengre for causing the Jos riots which resulted in deaths and destructions of wealth by his war propaganda. The witness in order to prove this allegation tendered in evidence a cassette he called Sheikh Sani Yahaya Jengre cassette of war propaganda. The Commission has carefully listened to the preaching and found the message contained in the preaching to be quite inciting and inflammatory.
The Commission in view of these evidence invited the said Sheikh Sani Yahaya Jengre to appear before it on the 24th day of July, 2009 and respond to these weighty allegations against him but he failed to appear as requested. The evidence against Shiekh Sani Yahaya Jengre is overwhelming and the Commission is of the view that it constitutes some of what triggered off the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008. The Commission finds that he was indirectly responsible for the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008. He should therefore be investigated by the Police and prosecuted for his role in aiding and precipitating the Unrest.
4.2.12 Idris Ibn Mohammed and 4 others
Idris Ibn Mohammed, Sheikh Mohammed Usman Kano, Alhaji Salisu Mohammed, Mallam Idris Abdul , Barrister Ahmed S. Garba and Mohammed Adam: These persons were all mentioned in some memoranda presented before the Commission. Memorandum JCI/J/78/2009 by Kuru Community Jos South Local Government Council, Plateau State. This memorandum was presented on behalf of the Community by Mr. by Samuel Dung Davou on the 27th day of March, 2009. He testified as Commission witness 44 (CW44). The witness on page 12 paragraph (j) of the memorandum (Exhibit JCI/J/78/2009/1) recommended that these men, Idris Ibn Mohammed, Sheikh Mohammed Usman Kano, Alhaji Salisu Mohammed, Mallam Idris Abdul and Barrister Ahmed S. Garba be invited to appear before the Commission to explain their roles in the Unrest in Jos considering their write-ups in three documents he attached to memorandum JCI/J/98/2009. The three documents were tendered in evidence before the Commission and were admitted in evidence as follows:

(a) A document titled Association for Establishment of Islam In Jos Town endorsed by Alhaji Salisu Mohammed and Mallam Idris Abdul, Exhibit JCI/J/78/2009/1.

(b) A Document titled Which are the Tribes Contesting For Ownership of Jos (from YANCI) Exhibit JCI/J/78/2009/3.

(c) Another document titled JASAWA MUSLIMS endorsed by Sheikh Mohammed Usman Kano, Exhibit JCI/J/78/2009.

According to C.W 44, these documents are inciting and misleading. The witness insisted that the above named persons be brought to the Commission to explain their roles in the Unrest of 28th November, 2008 being authors of the alleged inciting and misleading documents
(i) Memorandum JCI/J/149/2009 Laranto Berom Community. This memorandum was presented by John Rapp on the 27th of February, 2009 on behalf of the Community. He testified as Commission witness 13 (CW 13). At page 9 of the memorandum random (Exhibit JCI/J/149/2009/1), the witness mentioned One Idris Ibn Mohammed as one of the persons responsible for fuelling the crisis by making inciting publications (See the verbatim report of the Commissions proceedings for 27th March, 2009. In his evidence before the Commission, C.W 13 specifically mentioned the roles of the above listed persons played in the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008.
The witness stated that Idris Mohammed role in the Jos Unrest was his authorship of a document titled why we must carry out Jihad. As for Sheikh Mohammed, the witness said he called on members of Jasawa Development Association to ensure that Muslims should by all means become Chairman of Jos North. To buttress this assertion, the witness tendered in evidence a document addressed to members of Jasawa Development Association which was admitted in evidence and marked as Exhibit JCI/J/78/2009/4, Exhibit JCI/J/78/2009 is a wake up call to all members of Jasawa Development Association to rise up and fight for a take over of Jos North.
A careful perusal of Exhibit JCI/J/78/2009/4 shows that it bears the name of Sheikh Mohammed Usman Kano but was not signed and is undated. However, in view of the facts that the contents of the publications are highly provocative, the Commission urges the Police to thoroughly investigate this allegation and get to the bottom of how the publication came about. If Sheikh Mohammed Usman Kano is identified and he is indeed the author, he should be prosecuted.
The witnesses also mentioned Alhaji Salisu Mohammed and Mallam Idris Abdul because they were signatories to Exhibit JCI/J/78/2009/2, a document emanating from Supreme Council for the Actualisation of Sharia in Nigeria. The document is a clarion call upon all Muslims in Nigeria to make financial contributions towards a take over and islamization of Jos.
The Commission has carefully read and examined Exhibit JCI/J/78/2009/2 and has seen that the document is dated 11th May, 2002 and indeed signed by Alhaji Salisu Mohammed and Mallam Idris Abdul. Though the document precedes the Unrest of 28th November, 2008, the contents and message in the document fits appropriately into the circumstances of the Unrest of 28th November, 2008. The Commission recommends that Alhaji Salisu Mohammed and Mallam Idris be identified and prosecuted for writing inciting and provocative materials.
As for Barrister Ahmed S. Garba, C.W 13 alleged that he wrote and published a fabricated and inciting document tendered and admitted in evidence as Exhibit JCI/J/78/2009/1. Barr. Ahmed S. Garba was invited to appear before the Commission and respond to the allegation against him but he failed to appear before the Commission. The witness as well accused one Mohammed of publishing exhibit JCI/J/78/2009/5 which according to him is biased and inciting.
The Commission after a careful consideration of the totality of materials and evidence placed before it found that all the write ups attributed to these men are quite inciting and capable of breaching the peace in Jos North Local Government. These inciting materials constitute a permanent source of conflict in the minds of the youth who are leaders of tomorrow. Indeed, publications of offensive materials like these cannot enhance peaceful co-existence. It will rather continue to inflame passions. In order to encourage peaceful co-existence among residents of Jos, the Police should thoroughly investigate the sources of these inciting and provocative publication in order to bring the culprits to book. This will go a long way in calming nerves and further foster peaceful co-existence among residents of Jos.

4.2.13 Alhaji Kega
The name of Alhaji Kega of Kega Motors was mentioned in memorandum JCI/J/149/2009 presented by Laranto Berom Community as one of the persons indirectly responsible for the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008. This memorandum was presented by John Rapp. On page 9 of the memorandum (Exhibit JCI/J/149/2009/1) he stated that Alhaji Kega was one of the persons that might be responsible for the Jos Unrest of 28th November 2008. The witness stated that prior to the Unrest,
it noticed unusual influx of aliens especially, youths into Jos. They were of Northern Descendants and their presence was noticed around Alhaji Kegas (Kegas motors) residence around Corner Shagari .

For this reason, the witness described Alhaji Kega as a chief suspect who supported the crisis The Commission recommends that the activities of Alhaji Kega be investigated by Security Operatives. He should be able to tell the Police who were those aliens in his house and where they were from and what they were doing in his house at the relevant period.
4.2.14 Alhaji Danladi Pasali, former P.D.P Chairmanship aspirant for Jos North.
Memorandum JCI/J/126/2009 by Girin District Community. This memorandum was presented by Mr Pius Benjamin Dung, the secretary of the Community on behalf of the Community on the 23rd day of March, 2009. He testified as Commission witness 31 (CW31). At page 4 of the memorandum (Exhibit JCI/J/126/2009/1), the witness mentioned the name of Danladi Pasali as one of the persons responsible for the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008. The witness accused Alhaji Danladi Pasali because of his displeasure over what the witness described as Hausa loss of the candidacy of Governorship. This he said was reflected in an interview Alhaji Danladi Pasali granted the Daily Trust Newspaper of Monday, 26th January, 2009, titled No Hausa man will leave Jos North The witness further stated that the language used by Danladi Pasali shows that he was aggrieved and could do anything to disrupt the process of the election or better still join forces with any group to ensure that hell broke loose.
The Commission carefully read the interview in question and found that the language used by Danladi Pasali shows that he was aggrieved and could do anything to disrupt peace in Jos.
Another memorandum mentioned Alhaji Danladi Pasali is memorandum JCI/J/95/2009 by The National Association of Afizere Youth Movement. This memorandum was presented by Yakubu Ashoms on behalf of the Association on the 8th day of April, 2009. Mr. Yakubu Ashoms testified as Commission witness 97 (CW 97). On page 19 of the memorandum (Exhibit JCI/J/95/2009/1), the witness named Danladi Pasali as one of the persons indirectly responsible for the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008. The allegation against the said Danladi Pasali was based on an open letter written to the presidency by the Plateau PDP Muslim forum published in the Daily Trust of 3rd February, 2009. In view of all these allegations, the Commission invited Alhaji Danladi Pasali to appear before it and defend himself, but he failed to appear.
Since Alhaji Danladi Pasali refused to appear before the Commission and respond to the allegations made against him, the Commission in view of the gravity of the allegation against him, is of the view that Alhaji Danladi Pasali should be invited by the Police and investigated for any complicity in the Jos Unrest of 28 November, 2008 and if sufficient evidence is established against him, he should be prosecuted and punished accordingly.
4.2.15 ANPP Chieftain: Hon. Nazifi Yusuf and Mohammed Sani Mudi. These men were also mentioned in numerous memoranda presented and by witnesses who gave evidence before the Commission.
(i) Memorandum JCI/J/58/2009 by The Berom Community Development Association Janda ( Fudawa). The memorandum was presented by one Anthony Gyang Bot on behalf of the Association on the 19th day of March. He testified as Commission witness 29 (CW29). On pages 9 and 10 of the memorandum (Exhibit JCI/J/58/2009/1), the witness mentioned ANPP Chieftain, Nazifi Yusuf and Mohammed Sani Mudi as those indirectly responsible for the crisis. According to the witness, his view is predicated upon the evidence the two men, gave before the House of Representatives Ad-hoc Committee on the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008 to the effect that the crisis of 28/11/08 followed their protest against attempts to change the results at the collation centre. The witness then called on the Commission to invite them to come and explain their roles in the Unrest.
(ii) Memorandum JCI/J/95/2009 by The National Association of Afizere Youth Movement. This memorandum was presented by Yakubu Ashoms on behalf of the Association on the 8th day of April, 2009. Mr. Yakubu Ashoms testified as Commission witness 97 (CW 97). At page 19 of memorandum (Exhibit JCI/J/95/2009/1), the witness named Hon. Nazifi Mohammed as one of the persons directly responsible for the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008. The allegation against the said Hon. Nazifi Mohammed is based on his alleged statement that if the Candidate of ANPP was not declared winner of the Chairmanship election in Jos North hell would be let loose. Hon. Nazifi Mohammed was invited to appear before the Commission on the 21st day of July, but he failed to do so.
(iii) Memorandum JCI/J/126/2009 by Girin District Community. This memorandum was presented by Mr Pius Dung, the Secretary of the Community on behalf of the Community on the 24th day of March, 2009. He testified as CW 31. On page 4 of the memorandum (Exhibit JCI/J/126/2009/1), the witness accused Hon. Nazifi Mohammad as one of the persons responsible for the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008. The witness alleged that Hon. Nazifi made a statement during the security meeting at the Police officers mess on the 24th of November, 2008 and stated as follows:
if ANPP does not win the forthcoming Election in Jos North, the town will be on fire.

According to C.W. 31, the security meeting was preparatory to the election of 27th November, 2008.
(iv) Memorandum JCI/J/133/2009 by Bache Development Association of Bassa Local Government of Plateau State. This memorandum was presented by Mr. Nuhu Ashama on behalf of the Association on the 8th day of April, 2009. Mr. Nuhu Ashama testified as Commission witness 96 (C.W96). The witness on page 8 identified Nazifi Mohammed as the person that started the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2009. According to the witness, there was an eye witness account of how Nazifi started the Unrest by making phone calls calling on some people to come out because the infidels have won the election. This eye witness is retired CSP Sale Adudu. Retired CSP Sale Adudu was invited to the Commission and he gave evidence as C.W.202. In his evidence he stated as follows:
when I got to Kabong, I met John Kenle. So when the results were coming in, the Hausa/Fulani were leading with almost about thirty something thousand very close to be favour of the result. But later the other results were coming from the indigenes. At about 11:00 p.m the result of the indigenes were almost fifty something thousand. Then, some of them started shouting, the arna has won the election, they have won this election.

C.W. 202 said it was at this stage that Hon. Nazifi Mohammed made about 10 phone calls to some unknown persons saying:
Ku fito, ku fito, arna sun ci zabe
Meaning
come out, come out, the infidels have won the election

According to C.W 202, it was the series of alarms raised by Hon Nazifi Mohammed to some unknown persons through phone calls that triggered off the Unrest.
(v) Memorandum JCI/J/137/2009 PDP Elders Northern Zone Forum Plateau State. The memorandum was presented on behalf of the Forum by Doctor Jonah Madugu. He testified on the 25th day of February, 2009 as Commission witness 7 (CW 7). At page 16 of the memorandum (Exhibit JCI/J/137/2009/1), the witness identified Honourable Nazifi Mohammed ( former member Plateau state House of Assembly) and Honourable Aminu Baba (the defeated PDP Chairmanship candidate for Jos North Local Government Council) as some of the persons indirectly responsible for the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008. According to C.W7, the duo contributed in no small measure to the flaring up of nerves penultimate the election. Furthermore, the witness alleged that the content of the interviews granted by these individuals to the media, print and electronic, local and international revealed that they had the motive to instigate mayhem in the city of Jos unless Aminu Baba of ANPP was declared winner of the Chairmanship election.
It was on the strength of these serious allegations that the Commission invited Hon. Mohammed Nazifi to appear before it on the 21st day of July, 2009 and respond to the allegations against him. He was personally served with an invitation to appear before the Commission. This same invitation was published in several National Dailies. The Commissions finds that the allegations against Hon. Nazifi are weighty and overwhelming. The Commission recommends that he be invited by the Police and interrogated. He should be prosecuted.
4.2.16 Alhaji Abba, Alhaji Jamil of Jamil Motors and Ibrahim Mohammed of National Museum.
Memorandum JCI/J/67/2009 by Tekan Youth Fellowship. This memorandum was presented on behalf of the youth fellowship by its president, Bro. Emmanuel Nanle on the 26th day of March, 2008. Brother Emmanuel Nanle gave evidence as C.W.41 and in his oral testimony identified the following persons, as being directly/indirectly responsible for the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008.
C.W 41 told the Commission he suspected that Alhaji Abba and Alhaji Jamil of Jamil Motors knew something about the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008 because he used to buy cars from Alhaji Abba at Bauchi Road but few days to the Unrest, he went to the Alhaji Abbas car stand at Bauchi Road for the purpose of buying a car but found that he had removed all the cars in the car Stand .He further told the Commission that when he inquired from the Alhaji Abba the where about of his cars, Alhaji Abba told him that he had moved the cars to Abuja. The witness also told the Commission that Alhaji Jamil also did the same which was an indication that they had prior knowledge that there would be Unrest in Jos North that period.
For Ibrahim Mohammed, a staff of National Museum, Jos, the witness told the Commission that he was seen wearing army uniform and was armed with a gun on the day of the Unrest. The witness then urged the Commission to invite these men to appear before the Commission to say what they know about the Unrest.
From the evidence available to the Commission, Alhaji Abba and Alhaji Jamil were alleged to have got a prior knowledge of the Unrest and that was why they were able to remove their vehicles from their car stands shortly before the Unrest. The duo thus have a strong allegations standing against them. The Commission recommends that they be investigated.
Ibrahim Mohammed was seen wearing army uniform and was armed on the day of the Unrest. He should be thoroughly interrogated and prosecuted.
As for all other persons mentioned by this memorandum, no concrete allegation has been made against them in memorandum JCI/J/67/2009.
4.2.17 The Council of Ulamas and Jama atu Nasril Islam Jos North (JNI)
Council of Ulamas and Jamaatu Nasril Islam were accused of being responsible for the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008 by various memoranda presented before the Commission and witnesses who testified in respect of these memoranda.
Memorandum JCI/J/206/2009 by Da Ezekiel D.J. Choji - This memorandum was presented on the 16th day of June, 2009 by Da Ezekiel Choji Dawang Joh who testified as Commission witness 99 (CW99). CW99 came down heavily on the Council of Ulamas. He told the Commission that the Council of Ulamas:
are preachers of hatred who use their vantage position and facilities in the Mosques to preach civil disobedience and encourage Jihadist violence using public address systems in the presence of security agents without reaction from them. Crisis of this nature has become the fastest money spinning industry, as soon as they strike, they take the bodies to the Mosques, film them and have the video posted on the internet to show the ignorant Islamic world the falsehood that Muslims are being persecuted and that needed financial and material support to fight the so called infidels. Millions of hard currencies are sent o them to cause more havoc on the Plateau.............

The witness then went on to say that the Council of Ulamas in Plateau must be investigated to explain their roles in the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008.
P.D.P Elders Northern Zone Forum Plateau State presented memorandum JCI/J/137/2009 which was tendered in evidence and admitted as Exhibit JCI/J/137/2009/1. The forum identified Jamaatu Nasril Islam, Jos North as one of the groups responsible for precipitating the Jos Unrest of 28th November, 2008 because during the Unrest, they were busy carrying every corpse from the street into the Central Mosque, filming same and posting the video clips on the internet to create the impression that people were killed inside the Central Mosque. The forum argued that the Hausa/Fulani actually killed all these people themselves and hurriedly carried the bodies into the Mosque for purpose of whipping up sentiments to gain sympathy from gullible media and compounding the problem beyond the frontiers of Plateau State. The video clip was tendered and admitted in evidence as Exhibit JCI/J/154/2009/5 which the Commission viewed on the 13th day of May, 2009.
The Commission invited the leaders of the Council of Ulamas and JNI to appear before it to respond to the allegations against them, but they failed to appear, alleging fears of bias. The Commission after a careful study of the whole unfortunate incident urge the Government of Plateau State to advise religions institutions strong against fanning the embers of propaganda encourage and foster inter-religious dialogue among the various religious groupings in Jos North.

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