Canadians to Replace Prime Minister Harper at Copenhagen sign now


We, the undersigned residents of Canada, draw the attention of the House of Commons to the following:

The scientific research is overwhelming that the world is far beyond dangerous interference with the climate system as defined by the UN FCCC, facing a real and rapidly rising risk of planetary catastrophe and therefore in a state of dire global emergency. Whereas, on Friday November 13, 2009 it was reported that Prime Minister Stephen Harper left for the APEC summit in Singapore, however, Mr. Harper will not be attending the global climate change summit in Copenhagen in December, we accept this as his admission that his minority government has no right to represent Canada, and that in his place, Canadians attending the summit will have the opportunity to present, on behalf of Canada, a list of firm Canadian obligations and to commit Canada to a legally binding Copenhagen Protocol.

your petitioners call upon Parliament to support Canadians attending the Conference in Copenhagen to negotiate in negotiating on behalf of Canada, and to support the 13-point plan attached.

Canadians on behalf of Canada will commit Canada to agree to do (and urge states to do) the following actions:

1. Canada commits to calling for (and urges other states to call for) stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent any further dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. This level equates to a target global average temperature increase of below 1C, which is the point at which global systems on land, water and air will be so affected as to create vicious feedback cycles and destabilize many ecosystems and human societies.

2. Because of the global urgency of this matter, Canada will strive to (and will urge all states to strive to) contain the rise in temperature to less than 1C above pre-industrial levels, and will impose strict time frames so that overall global emissions will begin to be reversed as of 2010. There must be a target of 30\% below 1990 levels by 2015, 50\% below by 2020, 75\% by 2030, 85\% by 2040 and 100\% below by 2050, and adherence to the precautionary principle, the differentiated responsibility principle, and the fair and just transition principle. They should also therefore commit to fund the transfer to a 0 carbon society by 2050. In a recent analysis, from a purely traditional economic perspective, the International Energy Agency assessed the cost of inaction to be $500 billion dollars per year. Canada will (and will urge all states) to immediately sign and ratify an international agreement on emission reduction targets and timeframes. The emission agreement will be based on an international global target. A total maximum global emission budget of 370 GT CO2 will be available under these timeframes between now and 2050. Some initial and crude basic calculations on the required elimination to happen together with these targets suggest that between 36 and 62 GT CO2 per yr-1 need to be removed between 2020-2050. The eliminations should be defined by a scientific assessment, to happen pre 2020 that identifies elimination so that 2050 the atmospheric levels are returned to 278ppm. Additionally the depletion of carbon sinks due to among others deforestation must end.

3. Canada will immediately embark on (and will urge others to embark on) time-bound phasing out of fossil fuels and of subsidies for fossil fuels, and to prohibit the unconventional of any and all extraction of oil from bitumen, such as that now in the process progress in the Canadian tar sands. Canada will, and will urge others to phase-out biofuel and nuclear energy and end the subsidizing of biofuel and of nuclear energy.

4. Canada will be withdrawing from Afghanistan, and will urge NATO to withdraw from Afghanistan. The funds raised from the demilitarization process will be used in part to set up a fund for the implementation of the UNFCCC. Canada will propose and urge other states to support additional funds being derived from reallocation of global military expenses, including budgets and arms production and sales. Part of this fund could be allocated to compensate states damaged in any way by the failure of industrialized states to discharge obligations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and other legal obligations.

5. Canada will commit to (and urge others states to commit to) the transition to a zero carbon society which should meet the needs of all nations and people in an equitable fashion and should be based on the principle of common but differentiated responsibility, human rights and social justice. To achieve this end Canada proposes that the industrialized states and major greenhouse gas producers must be prepared to enter into binding obligations not only through targets and time frames but also through funding mechanisms. This fund could be named the Fund for the Implementation of the UNFCCC, and it would fund socially equitable and environmentally safe and sound energy renewable energy, transportation, agriculture and forestry. This fund would replace the Global Environment Facility (GEF) as the main source of funding for the UNFCCC.

6. Canada, as one of the dominant greenhouse gas-producing and emitting states, will finance (and will urge other states to finance) this international fund. Funds traditionally distributed not only through the GEF but also through the Bretton Woods institutions, such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, and additional bilateral funds, such as those in the German Fund for International Climate Initiative, should be channelled through this global fund. This fund would be indispensable for preventing climate change, and for achieving the objectives of the UNFCCC. Canada will commit (and urge other states to commit) to abandoning the models of exponential growth, and of over-consumptive development.

7. Canada will propose (and will urge other states to propose) that other budgetary sources for this Fund would be the redirecting of subsidies from socially inequitable and environmentally unsound non-sustainable energy to socially equitable and environmentally safe and sound renewable energy, transportation, agriculture, forestry etc.

8. Canada will advocate (and will urge other states in to advocating advocate) measures to alleviate the impacts of climate change, one two of which would include (1) the cancellation of the outstanding debt of developing states, and (2) the implementation of the minimal long-standing commitment of 0.7\% of GDP being transferred to the Overseas Development Aid (ODA). The ODA must serve the needs not of the developed states but of the developing states. Any shortfall in funding should be bolstered by increased funding of ODA by nations that inequitably gain an advantage from historical emissions or reduction scenarios that are not in line with the principle of equity.

9. Canada will recognize (and will urge other states will to recognize) that all these funding measures could would only just begin to compensate for the emissions debt owed by the developed states to the developing states. The impact, of climate change on the poor, on indigenous peoples, vulnerable communities, and especially low-lying states will be the greatest, and they must be assisted by Industrial states, which have a legal and moral imperative, to provide funds for socially equitable and renewable energy, transportation, agriculture, forestry etc.

10. Canada will implement (and will urge other major greenhouse gas-producing states to implement) the actions that would discharge the obligations incurred when they signed and ratified the UNFCCC and will be forced to repay the emission debt. (Provisions of the UNFCCC have become international peremptory norms and as such are binding.) Historic emissions should be calculated and an assessment made of the degree of dereliction of duty in the implementation of the UNFCCC. From these assessments, provisions must be made to compensate the states that have been most damaged by the failure, of the major greenhouse gas emitting states, to discharge obligations under the Convention. In such cases, a fund should be set up to assist vulnerable states in taking delinquent states to the International Court of Justice.

11. Canada will abandon (and will urge all states to abandon) entrenched immovable national interests that have impeded the Commission on Sustainable Development have been blocking the adoption, in the UN General Assembly, of a strong legally binding agreement on climate change. Article 18 of the Charter of the United Nations reads: Decisions of the General Assembly on important questions shall be made by a two-thirds majority of the members present and voting. These questions shall include recommendations with respect to the maintenance of international peace and security. Undoubtedly, the impact of climate change could be deemed to fall under this category. Canada proposed that in Copenhagen, given the urgency of the issue of climate change, and its potential effects on the global population and on the political, economic, ecological and social global systems, that the requirement for consensus must be waived, and a binding agreement on all states will be deemed to exist, if 66\% of the states concur. It is possible that a majority of the member states could agree to a strong legally binding Copenhagen protocol to the UNFCCC. A strong Protocol to the UNFCCC could then be used against the delinquent states, and a case could be taken to the International Court of Justice under the UNFCCC, which has been signed and ratified by 192 states. Most delinquent states, including Canada and the US, have signed and ratified the UNFCCC.

12. Canada will commit to (and will urge other states to commit to) a time-bound commitment to conservation, and to subsidizing and investing in socially equitable and environmentally safe and sound renewable energy, transportation, agriculture, forestry etc. options, that will reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

13. Canada will be bound by (and will urge others to be bound by) the legally binding agreement arising out of the negotiations in Copenhagen.


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